Pakistan's Climate Crises:A Call for Justice-Centric Policies


  • Qurat-ul-Ain Shabbir Research Officer, Centre for International Strategic Studies AJK
  • Ali Hamza Research Officer, Centre for International Strategic Studies AJK.


Climate Change, Climate Justice, Global Inequalities, Global North, Global South, Differentiated Responsibility.


This paper focuses on Pakistan's response to climate change, acknowledging its minimal contribution to global warming, yet emphasizing the inadequacy of simplistic policies such as adaptation and mitigation. With a population of just twenty-two million and an unstable economy, Pakistan faces the challenge of aligning climate policies with its strategic priorities. Despite being a prominent advocate for climate justice within the G77, translating these aspirations into actionable policies remains a significant hurdle. This study aims to explore Pakistan's specific objectives in addressing climate change and understanding the concept of climate justice as a transformative force in global climate governance. Despite Pakistan's meager annual carbon dioxide emissions of 0.9%, the nation has experienced the adverse impacts of climate change, particularly in the context of a risk society. This phenomenon exacerbates vulnerabilities, leading to insecurity in critical areas such as food and water resources. The urgency of addressing climate change is underscored by recent catastrophes, such as the unprecedented floods of 2010 and 2022, which affected millions, resulted in numerous fatalities, and incurred substantial economic losses. The humanitarian and economic toll highlights the need for comprehensive policy responses. The key prerequisite for Pakistan to effectively combat the consequences of climate change lies in securing climate finance aligned with principles of climate justice. This research underscores the imperative for Pakistan to receive climate finance promptly. This funding is crucial for addressing the aftermath of the 2022 floods, enhancing climate-resilient infrastructure, implementing early warning systems, and formulating a comprehensive policy response to the multifaceted challenges posed by climate change. By elucidating Pakistan's specific research objectives and the importance of climate finance, this study contributes to the broader international discourse on climate justice and effective climate governance.




How to Cite

Qurat-ul-Ain Shabbir, & Ali Hamza. (2024). Pakistan’s Climate Crises:A Call for Justice-Centric Policies. International Journal of Kashmir Studies, 5(2). Retrieved from